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Saturday, 16 June 2012 12:40

Introduction To Health Education

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Health education is essential if people are to learn how to live healthy lives and avoid diseases. It helps them understand what health is and how to look after it, and also about the need for health services and disease- control programmes. Health education can show people that good health and health services are a basic human right; it can explain that health services are important for development.

 

Health education, as part of primary prevention, helps people to understand their bodies and value their health, to know about diseases, and how to make the best use of organized health services, such as MCH clinics. It can motivate them to look after themselves by practicing hygienic personal habits, such as using safe water, mosquito nets, and child- spacing methods. It can encourage them to be responsible for their own environment in terms of water supplies and excreta disposal. Health education can also bring health workers in closer touch with the needs of the people they serve so that, by working together, they can develop a healthier life for the community as a whole.

 

In secondary prevention, health education can help people understand and value different screening procedures, such as those involved in MCH services. It teaches about the early symptoms and signs of important diseases (e.g. leprosy and tuberculosis) so that people can recognize them and go for check up at an early stage. It can help them co-operate in reporting diseases in surveillance programmes for such diseases as measles, rabies and malaria.

 

Health education in tertiary prevention can help people to understand diseases better and to cooperate with the medical services in carrying out treatment properly- for example, continuing with treatment for tuberculosis until cured. While people are attending for treatment, health educators can give them new and up-to-date information about how to prevent diseases such as malaria and gastroenteritis. Health education posters in clinic waiting areas can also be used to spread information.

Read 32024 times Last modified on Saturday, 16 June 2012 12:43

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