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Thursday, 14 June 2012 14:33

Remedial actions

 The results of the tests showed that only the water in Aitaniyeh contained E-coli. Filed visits were conducted with the head of the popular committee in Aitaniyeh where the network was checked. A leakage of sewer water from one percolating pit was discovered polluting the water network. This pit was properly sealed.

 

Thursday, 14 June 2012 14:16

Community Mobilization

On the 22nd of March 2011 which coincides with the international day for water, members of the local communities in the gatherings of the South were invited to a meeting as a general mobilization for the campaign on water, and to identify individual and public responsibilities towards preservation, consumption and sterilization of water.

 

Attendees include 7 representatives of the popular committees (local governing of the gatherings), 4 representatives of the local women committees (trained on empowerment by PARD) and 4 of PARD’s community health workers (2 of them acted as trainers).

 

The subjects presented and discussed were:

  • Importance of water towards life in general & humans in particular
  • Relationship between water & health (water borne diseases)
  • Activities of PARD in the gatherings related to preservation of water: solid waste collection & suction of percolating pits (septic tanks)

 

The attendees were informed about the workshop which will benefit the local water caretakers and other volunteers concerning water preservation. They were also informed about the children activities related to water to be implemented during the school spring vacation.

 

Methodology used in the workshop included presentation, open dialogue, and distribution of brochures.

Mobilization for the water campaign included a meeting with the head representative of all the popular committees in the gatherings. The project (water preservation) was explained to him and he was asked, together with the other members of the popular committees to act as observers and monitors for water chlorination in the gatherings. They should help PARD in making sure that the local water caretakers add the proper quantities of chlorine regularly to the water sources in their gatherings.

Thursday, 14 June 2012 14:07

Activities

  1. Collecting and analyzing water samples to control quality (free from bacteria causing waterborne diseases).Analysis takes place at PARD’s water laboratory (donated by ASF).
  2. Analysis of water samples took place four times/ year from each water source; results are documented in special schedules.
  3. Control of chlorine residual in the water.
  4. Follow up and control of chlorine pumps installed in the water wells.
  5. Follow up with the local water caretakers for operating the chlorine pumps.
  6. Preparation of a workshop for the water caretakers including (relationship of water to human health- importance of chlorine in sterilizing the water- quantities of chlorine used in chlorination of water- how to control chlorine residuals- how to maintain chlorine pumps).
  7. Organizing an awareness campaign in all the gatherings in coordination with the community health workers (both staff and local). The campaign includes:

 

  • Relationship between water and human life
  • Proper water consumption and preservation
  • How to prevent water pollution at household level?
  • Water borne diseases
  • Methods of water sterilization

 

The campaign also includes the preparation of a poster to be used. Brochure on water (pollution and consumption) which are available will further more be distributed. Small tape filters will be distributed to the participants.

 

Coordination with the coordinator of the child and youth development program lead to the introduction of activities targeting the cleanliness of water and its proper preservation into summer activities benefiting children and youth.

Thursday, 14 June 2012 13:54

Water testing

 A proper water testing laboratory was put into action at PARD’s center in Saida. ACF supported major equipment and materials were secured. A program for water testing was prepared for each gathering as such:

 

Location

Maashouk

Shabriha

Qasmiyeh

Wasta

Aitaniyeh

North Burghuliyeh

South Burghuliyeh

Shatila Camp

Gaza Buildings

Daouk

Said Ghawash

Sikkeh

Total

Points for testing

Water wells

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

12

Water reservoirs

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

7

Points at networks

3

2

3

2

2

2

2

3

-

2

3

3

27

 

 

 

During the first quarter of the year 2011, 36 water tests were made. In the second quarter (April-June 2011), 120 water tests were made. The tests were disseminated among the popular committees and women committees.

 

Location

Frequency of tests

No. of samples

Maashouk

4/year

16

Shabriha

4/year

16

Burghuliyeh

4/year

16

Qasmiyeh

4/year

16

Wasta

4/year

16

Aitaniyeh

4/year

16

Kfar Badda

4/year

16

Jim Jeem

4/year

16

Sikkeh

4/year

16

Gaza Buildings

Once/year

6

Shatila

Once/year

6

Total

 

156

 

 

Thursday, 14 June 2012 13:41

Water Supply

 

Maintenance of water network, wells and reservoirs:

 

Type of Maintenance

Location

Maintenance of water pump of well

Wasta & Qasmiyeh

Maintenance of chlorine pump of well

Wasta

Cleaning out of two main water reservoirs

Burghuliyeh

Participation in maintenance of water pump of well

Maashouk

Installation of 3m water pipes

Gaza Building No. 1

 

 

 

Water network installations:

 

Type of Maintenance

Location

Installation of water pipe 33 meters

Shatila Camp

Installation of water valve 2”

Shatila Camp

Installation of water pipe 1.5”, 6 meters long

Shatila Camp

Installation of water pipe fittings 1.5” & 2”

Shatila Camp

Installation of 8 meters of water pipes 4” + valves + stop valve

Gaza Building No. 1

 

 

Water Control and Testing:

 

At the beginning of the year 2011, a plan of action was prepared to better control the quantity and quality of water in the gatherings of Beirut and the South, in addition to Shatila camp in Beirut. Data collection for existing water wells took place, 12 wells were targeted in the following locations:

 

Maashouk, Shabriha, Burghuliyeh (North & South), Qasmiyeh, Wasta, Aitaniyeh, Kfar Badda, Jim Jeem, Sikkeh, Sabra and Shatila camp.

The interventions of the Environmental Health Program are:

 

  1. Water Supply: includes the following activities:
  • Maintenance of water network, wells and reservoirs
  • Water Network installations
  • Water control and testing
  • Training local water caretakers
  • Raising awareness on water issues
  • Pumping out wastewater, cleaning manholes, maintenance of waste water network

 

  1. Solid waste management: this project includes the following activities:
  • Regular solid waste collection at the household level. About 13990 m3 (4941 tons) of domestic wastes were collected from Shatila camp in Beirut and 3055 m3 (1079 tons) from eight south gatherings near Tyre.
  • Cleaning of public zones
  • Composting

About 29425 people benefited from this project.

 

  1. Rodent & vector control: this activity aims at controlling the numbers of harmful insects and rodents carrying diseases and spreading them. In the year 2011, about 85950 m3 of insecticides were sprayed during the campaign spreading from mid May till the end of August in 10 gatherings in the South, 3 gatherings in Beirut, in addition to shatila camp. Moreover, 306 anti-lice shampoo bottles were distributed to combat head lice, together with proper instructions.

Spraying of insecticides campaigns are implemented with the active participation of women and youth committees, members in the popular committees and local children. They participate in spreading information on the spraying of pesticides campaign, when, where and how. They also notify the mosque sheiks for them to announce the campaigns, recruit the community (women, youth & children) in implementation and spread the information about precautions measures. Cleaning campaigns usually precede pesticides campaigns.

Moreover, 3502 bags of rodenticides were distributed in the South and Beirut gatherings.

Thursday, 14 June 2012 12:42

Introduction To Environmental Health

Public health is defined by the World Health Organization as not merely the absence of disease, but the state of physical, mental and social well-being. To achieve that state, community efforts have to be made towards prevention of disease and prolonging life. This is done by maintaining and providing a sanitary environment, controlling communicable and non-communicable diseases, educating the community on health and health-related topics, organizing nursing and medical services for the early diagnosis and prevention of disease and developing a social machinery to ensure an adequate standard of living, by maintaining health and longevity, which are human birthrights to each and every individual.

 

Environmental health is a broad branch of public health that addresses and emphasizes on all human-health related aspects of the environment that are detrimental in the improvement of health outcomes. It is defined as the theory and practice of assessing, correcting, controlling and prevention of factors that affect the quality of lives of people in the community. As such, environmental health is integrated within the concept of public health to create and maintain environments that prevent disease and promote good public health of the communities.

Environmental health is affected by a lot of factors that are naturally present in every environment and are external to a person of physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial nature. It stresses on following a preventative approach rather than an end-of-pipe approach which addresses a health problem after its occurrence, to provide not only for the present communities, but to future generations as well.

In line with the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), especially the 3rd ( promoting gender equality & empowerment of women) and the 7th (environmental sustainability) PARD addresses the above mentioned aspects and has an eminent role in being responsible for initiating, shaping and undertaking health promotion. Well organized and empowered communities are highly effective in determining their own health. As such, PARD works with men, women and children to achieve this goal by making sure that they are aware of, amplify and sustain their rights, resources and opportunities in which they are entitled to and work towards receiving them.

Community participation and ownership are detrimental to the success of any community-based project, accordingly, not only does PARD provide basic sanitation services such as providing safe and clean drinking water, maintenance of infrastructure, inhibiting insects and rodents’ infestation and collecting and transporting solid waste, it engages program beneficiaries in these programs for long-term sustainability of these projects.

 

Usually, it is the role of the government to provide these services, however, in the case of the Palestinians living in official camps, it is UNRWA that provides these services (albeit insufficiently) and in the case of Palestinian refugees living in unofficial gatherings and areas that are geographically located outside the UNRWA mandate, neither the Lebanese government nor UNRWA provide services. In some of these areas it is PARD that acts in place of the local municipality.

 

 

Page 6 of 6

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