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Tuesday, 10 July 2012 11:21

Illiteracy & Education

In 2011, 40 women benefited from the training course on combating illiteracy as follows:



No. of women participants

Gaza building No.3


Daouk area


Southern Burghuliyeh


Lower Qasmiyeh








The method of literacy education that PARD follows is called popular education. It is unlike the traditional schooling system where no text books are used, but rather women learn languages and arithmetic through the discussion of a topic. For example, they learn from sentences they formulate and arithmetic is studied through examples from real life.


Accordingly, the educators adapt teaching methods to better suit the groups of women and children that they are teaching.


Teaching focuses on three areas: Arithmetic, Arabic Language and Life science.


The trained groups will be encouraged to integrate into woman and youth committees working to improve the conditions of their gatherings


Tuesday, 10 July 2012 10:48

Training on Empowerment

(a)    PARD has provided health education in the Palestinian gatherings for years. In 2001, PARD began training on empowerment for the benefit of women graduates from the health education sessions.


Since then, PARD has trained every year on empowerment in the targeted gatherings, 13 in the south and 3 in Beirut. Some of the trained women are active members in the women committees, others train as health educators, some train as illiteracy teachers, and the younger ones train to become animators for children activities. A number of these women are members in parents committees in their children’s schools and members in handicapped unions if their children happen to be handicapped.


In Beirut, some of the women are members in the popular committees (where the majority are men) governing all the gatherings, in the South two women are members of the Popular Committees in North Burghuliyeh and Nahr El Samer. Three of the members in the women committees (in the south gatherings) play the important role of water caretakers.


A few of the women have dropped out from the committees for personal reasons, or burden of responsibilities between work and home, or through moving either locally into other places or moving outside Lebanon.


Currently, we have about 147 women members in the active women committees. Seven more women committees are in the process of being built with 44 women members in seven gatherings in the South and Beirut. 17 new women members have joined the existing women committees in 6 gatherings in the South.


Training  on  empowerment continues all through the year since the subjects taught are practiced on the field. Training subjects, methods and tools:




Methods & Tools

Objectives of empowerment (what & why)


Code of group contact


Ice breaking techniques


Human rights (with focus on women rights)

Brain storming- brochures- before & after questionnaires

Gender equality

Transparencies- Role playing

Community mapping

Drawn map

Needs assessment (community & specific needs)

Cards for problem trees

Prioritizing the needs


Specifying stakeholders

Brainstorming lists


Brainstorming- transparencies- sketches (role playing) – flip charts

Conflict resolution

Transparencies- Exercises

How to advocate issues

Transparencies- Exercises- Examples

How to lobby the community on our issues

Exercises- Examples

Proposal writing

Transparencies- Exercises

Report writing

Transparencies- Exercises



Participation in Public Life

Power Point Presentation

Planning Campaign

Power Point Presentation



Each women committee has its own agenda, interests, needs and projects. One common character among them in the past and the present is the willingness to participate in PARD’s activities. Common activities are:


  • §Participation in campaigns (promotion of health issues in the community, cleaning whole areas in the gatherings, organizing spraying of insecticides, raising awareness on social/ health issues such as drug addiction or AIDS and others).
  • §Alert PARD when a certain contagious disease shows up.
  • §Collecting subscriptions for solid waste collection services.
  • §Data collection
  • §Support medical dispensaries
  • §Help organize and supervise remedial lessons and activities for their children
  • §Support first aid teams in their gatherings
  • §Coordinate with PARD on water caretaking
  • §Support health education and literacy groups
  • §Distribute support materials



Moreover, the women try to fulfill their own local agendas, such as caring for the elderly, organizing dinners for the needy during the fasting month of Ramadan, support hardship cases, support people with chronic diseases, support people with special needs such as the handicapped or mentally retarded.


In 2011, the women committees were trained on how to put together their own action plans including objectives, activities, expected results, threats and remedial actions. Furthermore, they put together their own codes of conduct, in addition to electing their own heads of committees, their deputies and their spokeswomen for public relations.


They started implementing these action plans with a certain amount of success which would be more obvious during 2012. 

Monday, 09 July 2012 13:53

Empowerment of Women

A critical aspect of promoting gender equality is the empowerment of women, with a focus on identifying and redressing power imbalances and giving women more autonomy to manage their own lives. Women’s empowerment is vital to sustainable development and the realization of human rights for all.


Palestinian refugee women in Lebanon are not only deprived of basic human rights but also face special difficulties, starting with insufficient education, that is, if they receive any education at all, and experiencing various health problems related to pregnancy, delivery and post-natal care. In addition they face unemployment, and low socioeconomic status etc.


Rounded Rectangle: Community Development
Rounded Rectangle: Health Education
Rounded Rectangle: Women
Friday, 22 June 2012 10:52

South Women’s Health Clinics


In compliance with the same objective of promoting safe pregnancy, PARD employed a midwife in the south to offer home visits services for pre and post natal women and newborns and to create patient profiles.


At the beginning the midwife started utilizing the mobile clinic which offers movable consultation in several southern gatherings i.e. Jal el Bahar, Qasmiyeh and Burghuliyeh, Wasta, Kfar Badda, and Shabriha giving the opportunity for pregnant women residing in these areas to follow up upon the condition of their health and their unborn babies. Our midwife as well is currently operating from fixed clinics.


The midwife alternates between the different gatherings according to a set schedule which was altered this year to include more gatherings:







Wasta & Kfar Badda




Jal el Bahar












In May 2006, PARD started utilizing the First Aid room in Shabriha gathering as a second fixed clinic whereby a female gynecologist supported by the midwife follows up on the women’s related complaints, after being referred to the gynecologist by the midwife during her periodical pregnancy monitoring house visits.


In 2010, the female gynecologist started visiting each of the following clinics: Qasmiyeh,Wasta and Shabriha on Mondays,Tuesdays and Wednesdays respectively from 9 a.m. till 1 a.m., to provide pre and post natal care for women, starting as minimal as ordering the necessary lab tests for patient’s whole physical control up to treating the highly frequent infectious diseases that would disrupt their pregnancy. The collaboration of the midwife through her constant supply of prenatal information revealed to be highly associated with a healthier behavior during pregnancy including taking foliate, making positive changes in diet, not smoking, and consuming less caffeine and lastly promoting and supporting breastfeeding. To insure the well being of the mother and fetus, ultrasound machines were installed in Shabriha,Wasta and Qasmiyeh clinics where they are being used by the gynecologist to:



- Diagnose any potential congenital abnormalities in the developing embryo or fetus

- Determine the location, size or possible abnormalities of the placenta

- Estimate the age and size of the fetus

- Evaluate the position of the fetus and the placenta and to locate the fetus prior to chronics villus   sampling or amniocentesis

- Determine the condition of the fetus if no heartbeat has been detected by 14th week or if there has been on fetal movement by week 22

- Measure the amount of amniotic fluid

- Providing valuable information leading to treatment that can improve a woman’s chances of having a healthy baby



In addition to that the midwife conducts visits to the pregnant women in the gatherings to check on them and guide them through their pregnancy by supplying information and distributing brochures about different problems like anemia, the importance of a healthy diet, and the dangers of smoking. She also visits the women when she knows that they are sick and cannot go to the clinic. After the women give birth, she instructs them about taking care of their babies and the importance of breastfeeding.




Friday, 22 June 2012 10:45

Women's Health Clinic

The term "reproductive health" was widely accepted in 1994 with the adoption by 178 countries of the Program of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo, Egypt. The WHO defines reproductive health as being a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes. Reproductive health implies that people are able to have a satisfying safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so.



Implicit in this last condition are the rights of men and women to be informed and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice. It also includes the right of access to appropriate health care services that will enable women to go safely through pregnancy and child birth (and provide couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant). In line with the above definition, reproductive health care is defined as the constellation of methods, techniques and services that contribute to reproductive health and well-being by preventing and solving reproductive health problems. Within this context, PARD has established a women’s health clinic, spread information on reproductive health among its target groups and added counseling to pre and post natal care in the medical centers.          

The Women's Health Clinic started operating in February 2000 in Sabra, Beirut. It was established in response to a need of the Palestinian refugees in Beirut, especially the displaced.


Its aim is to secure safe pregnancies for women.


The clinic is operated by three obstetricians, two midwives one secretary and one cleaning woman.



Its objectives and activities are as follows:                                                        



Objective 1: To guard safe pregnancy through prenatal care.


The activities related to this first objective include the following:


  • Provision of gynecology services through check-ups
  • Regular examinations of pregnant women by gynecologists and midwives
  • Administration of suitable medication and vitamins
  • Monitoring of pregnancy development and complications
  • Provisions of milk for mothers (as a nutritive supplement)
  • Ultrasound, Electro Cardiogram and laboratory analysis
  • Transfer of risky pregnancies to appropriate hospitals
  • First Aid including suturing


Routine lab tests at the center and referral to contracted laboratory for culture and hormone tests.



Objective 2: To guard the health of women and their babies after delivery through postnatal care.


The activities related to this objective include the following:


  • Family planning
  • Circumcisions for male newborns                                                              
  • Health education for women visitors to the center
  • Vaccination
  • Minor surgery
  • First-aid including suturing
  • Provision of clothes for newborns
  • Milk for babies whose mothers cannot lactate upon prescription
  • Routine lab tests at center and referral to contracted lab for more complicated tests.



Objective 3: To guard the health of non- pregnant women through general gynecological services. The activities related to this include:


  • Checkups for Gynecology
  • Ultrasound for Gynecology
  • Family Planning
  • Pap smear
  • Pregnancy Tests
  • Routine lab tests at center and referral to contracted lab for more complicated tests.



Home Visits in Beirut Gatherings:


In March 2011, PARD started a new project in Shatila camp and Beirut gatherings targeting pregnant women .A midwife\Community Health worker visits the pregnant women to check if everything is going on perfectly with their pregnancy; checks their blood pressure, asks them if they are facing any health problems (medical history), distributes brochures and health education materials and conducts health education sessions for them.

In addition to that, the midwife also conducts post natal visits. She checks on the mother and the newborn, answers any question the mother has, and helps her care for her baby through providing information on how to deal with a newborn in the house.

Friday, 22 June 2012 10:34

Shabriha Clinic

In Shabriha, a center was established as a clinic and it was offered for our use since 2009 by the local community (mayor of Shabriha).


This center is operated by a female gynecologist and a midwife (once/ week), one practical nurse and one general practitioner/ pediatrician (one day/week).                      


The activities carried out by the center include the following:


  • General check-ups on women, men and children.
  • Growth monitoring of babies and children.
  • Pre and post natal services provided by the midwife
  • Gynecological services
  • Ultrasound services
Friday, 22 June 2012 10:29

Qasmiyeh Clinic

In Qasmiyeh, a center was established as a clinic in 2010 and it was equipped using a grant provided by the Japanese Embassy in Lebanon.


This center is operated by a female gynecologist and a midwife (once/ week), one practical nurse and one general practitioner/ pediatrician (one day/week).



The activities carried out by the center include the following:


  • General check-ups on women, men and children.
  • Growth monitoring of babies and children.
  • Pre and post natal services provided by the midwife
  • Gynecological services
  • Ultrasound services
Friday, 22 June 2012 10:27

Kfar Badda Clinic

In Kfar Badda, a center was established as a clinic, offered for our use since April 2005 by the local community. Thereafter, PARD shifted its work in the mobile clinic to the fixed clinic of Kfar Badda.


This center is operated by one midwife (once/ week), one practical nurse and one general practitioner/ pediatrician (one day/week).



The activities carried out by the center include the following:


  • General check-ups on women, men and children.
  • Growth monitoring of babies and children.
  • Pre and post natal services provided by the midwife
Friday, 22 June 2012 10:25

Wasta Clinic


PARD has been operating Wasta dispensary since July 1994. It is located in the gathering of Wasta, which geographically forms a central point to fields of activities for PARD, namely the gatherings of Itaniyeh, Jim Jeem, and Kfar Badda.


PARD’s target group are the one hundred ninety five Palestinian families (about 975 persons) living in the gathering, in addition to part of the population living in the surrounding area. The target group works mainly in agriculture during certain seasons, and remains mostly unemployed during other times of the year.


This center is operated by one midwife, one practical nurse, one general practitioner/ pediatrician (two days/week),a female gynecologist (one day per week ) and one lab technician (three days/week).


 The activities carried out by the center include the following:      


  • General check-ups on women, men and children.
  • Gynecological services
  • Growth monitoring of babies and children.                    
  • Laboratory services for routine test (stool analysis, CBC, pregnancy, uric acid, etc).
  • Ultrasound.
  • First Aid.                                                                          
  • Routine monitoring of temperature and blood pressure.


Friday, 22 June 2012 10:18

Sabra Clinic


This center has been operating since 1986, mainly for the benefit of the displaced Palestinian families living in Sabra (near Shatila camp)(Said Ghawash families,Daouk families and Gaza buildings families) in Beirut and the poor Lebanese population residing in the same area.


The staff working in the dispensary includes two staff nurses, one practical nurse, eleven specialists (in the fields of pediatrics, cardiology, dermatology, otology, rhinology, endocrinology, enterology, surgery, neurology, ophthalmology, orthopedics and urology), one general practitioner, one laboratory technician, one record keeper and one cleaning woman. It operates five days per week.


The center’s activities include the following:


  • General check-ups on women, men and children.
  • Follow-up on babies by a pediatrician concerning growth monitoring, vaccination and medication supply.
  • Providing low fat baby milk according to medical prescription.
  • Providing services of ophthalmology, cardiology, dermatology, otology, rhinology, endocrinology, enterology, minor surgery, neurology, orthopedics, ophthalmology and urology through respective specialists’ consultations.
  • Providing Laboratory services for routine tests (stools analysis, CBC, pregnancy, uric acid, etc) and transfers to a contracted laboratory for culture and hormone tests.
  • First Aid services, including suturing.
  • Performing routine monitoring of temperature and Blood pressure.
  • Electro cardiogram and ultrasound.
  • Auto refractometer.
  • Middle ear analyzer.
  • Facilitating hospital services to patients supported by Health Care Society (HCS) (A local NGO that includes PARD in its executive committee.


In addition to the above activities, nurses conduct health education sessions for the staff and groups of patients about different issues using several types of educational and audio-visual materials.


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